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Ancient Egypt Timeline


500,000 BC
Evidence for lower Paleolithic culture in Egypt. Discovery of Fire. Several variants of hominids expand into temperate Europe. Homo erectus is building huts.
100000 - 30000 BC   Middle Paleolithic
The second subdivision of the Paleolithic or Old Stone Age as it is understood in Europe, Africa and Asia. The term Middle Stone Age is used as an equivalent or a synonym for the Middle Paleolithic in African archeology. The Middle Paleolithic and the Middle Stone Age broadly spanned from 300,000 to 30,000 years ago. There are considerable dating differences between regions.
30000 - 10000 BC   Upper Paleolithic
The third and last subdivision of the Paleolithic or Old Stone Age as it is understood in Europe, Africa and Asia. Very broadly it dates to between 40,000 and 10,000 years ago, roughly coinciding with the appearance of "high" culture (behavioral modernity) and before the advent of agriculture. The terms "Late Stone Age" and "Upper Paleolithic" refer to the same periods. For historical reasons, "Stone Age" usually refers to the period in Africa, whereas "Upper Paleolithic" is generally used when referring to the period in Europe.

The Paleolithic period around 25000 BC. brought climatic changes which turned Egypt into a desert. The inhabitants survived by hunting and fishing and through a primitive form of cultivation. Desertification of Egypt was halted by rains which allowed communities of cultivators to settle in Middle Egypt and the Nile Delta. These farmers grew wheat, flax and wove linen fabrics in addition to tending flocks.
c. 10000-6000 BC   The Badarian Period
Also refered to as the Epipaleolithic Era (10000 - c. 5500 BC).
The first indigenous civilizations in Egypt have been identified in the south of the country through archaeological excavations.
The Badarian culture is the earliest known developed Egyptian civilization based on farming, hunting and mining.
Badarian produced fine pottery and carved objects as well as acquiring turquoise and wood through trading.
c. 6000-4000 BC   The Naqada Period
Also refered to as the Predynastic Period (5500 - 3100 BC)
The Naqada lived in larger settlements about 4,000 BC. and produced decorated pottery and figurines made from clay and ivory which indicate they were a war-like people.
Naqada artifacts from 3,300BC show further development both in terms of culture and technology.
Evidence of irrigation systems and more advanced burial sites, as well as the use of alien materials like lapis lazuli, indicate a cultural diversity and the development of external trading.
Start Predynastic Period
A multiplicity of settlements which gradually became small tribal kingdoms.
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