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Ancient Catapults - Greek & Roman
Ancient Roman Catapults
 Very detailed article.

Ancient Rome > Roman Military

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"A kind of occupational therapy for Roman legionaries; men from all over the Empire who had voluntarily joined the army, probably needed such an exercise to keep them fit and busy..."

"The Roman army was the military powerhouse that conquered most of the known world in classical times. It acted as a well-oiled machine: efficient, exacting, and victorious. Learn the true meaning of I came, I saw, I conquered by exploring the organization, history, and methods of the Roman war machine..."

"The only Roman military tract to survive..."

Roman Empire and Dictatorship   [New Window]
Rome Intervenes Abroad

"While India was being invaded from Bactria, and while China was at peace and growing in prosperity, Rome was sending armies across the Adriatic Sea to Greece and beyond..."

"Ancient Romans, like other ancient civilizations, had a large and powerful navy. The Roman Navy was always considered inferior and was under the control of the army. Their ships were built by copying the example of captured Carthaginian vessels, combined with the expertise supplied by the Greek cities of southern Italy..."

"The Roman Navy was always considered an inferior arm and was strictly under army control. But already during the First Punic War, Rome proved itself capable of launching a fleet capable of checking an established naval power such as Carthage. Romans were no sailors though..."

Ancient Rome
The Roman Army
Gary Edward Forsythe: Assistant Professor of Classical Languages and Literatures, University of Chicago.

"The history of Rome is in many ways, the history of its highly successful armies. Between the 2nd century BC and the 1st century AD Rome expanded from a city-state to an empire controlling the whole Mediterranean basin. This achievement was the work of its legions."

"The earliest Roman army formation was the phalanx, the formation used by the Greeks, Macedonians, and Carthaginians. For the Romans the phalanx proved to be too unwieldy a unit to fight on hilly and broken ground and they soon began to change the nature of their battle formations. The result was the legion. Unlike the phalanx, the legion was not a static form; it varied greatly over the centuries."